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Reviews examining this association have been published since 1992 (Wonderlich et al., 1997).
Overall, the results of the research have been inconsistent (Connors and Morse, 1993; Mullen et al., 1993; Reto, Dalenberg and Coe, 1996), and controversy has emerged among theorists.
Eating disorders represent particularly life-threatening consequences for survivors of abuse.
Across a 20-year period, 1 in 5 people with anorexia and at least 1 in 20 people with bulimia will die (Woodside, 1995).
From the i research and the consultations, 12 key components have been identified as optimal to an integrated approach: accessibility, assessment, safety, medical stability, validation, self-worth, re-framing, coping skills, control and empowerment, relationships and networks, education and awareness, and follow-up.
A primary concern of service providers, however, is the effect of cutbacks on funding and facilities.
Our mission is to help the people of Canada maintain and improve their health. for The FREDA Centre for Research on Violence against Women and Children Vancouver, B. Submitted to Family Violence Prevention Unit Healthy Communities Division Health Canada October 2001 This report is dedicated to the memories of Pam and Carla.
Widely varying definitions of abuse, and particularly child sexual abuse, have made comparisons among studies and conclusions difficult (Dansky et al., 1997; Miller, 1996).Some refer the woman or girl to other agencies or to services outside the province; some only have resources to focus on a single issue.Both the service providers and the advisory panel for this project emphasized a greater need for cross-training between the fields of disordered eating and violence.Whereas some researchers define child sexual abuse as both contact and noncontact experiences (Moyer et al., 1997), others measure only those experiences that include physical contact (Schmidt, Tiller and Treasure, 1993).Diagnostic criteria of anorexia and bulimia have also been inconsistent across studies (Connors and Morse, 1993; Davis and Yager, 1992; Wiederman, 1996).
Both violence and eating disorders affect predominantly girls and women, and both appear to be rising in prevalence (American Psychiatric Association, 1994; Hsu and Zimmer, 1988).