Dating of events in the book of acts
Luke–Acts can also be seen as a defense of (or "apology" for) the Jesus movement addressed to the Jews: the bulk of the speeches and sermons in Acts are addressed to Jewish audiences, with the Romans serving as external arbiters on disputes concerning Jewish customs and law.On the one hand, Luke portrays the followers of Jesus as a sect of the Jews, and therefore entitled to legal protection as a recognised religion; on the other, Luke seems unclear as to the future God intends for Jews and Christians, celebrating the Jewishness of Jesus and his immediate followers while also stressing how the Jews had rejected God's promised Messiah., Práxeis Apostólōn) was first used by Irenaeus in the late 2nd century.Acts continues the story of Christianity in the 1st century, beginning with Jesus's ascension to Heaven.The early chapters, set in Jerusalem, describe the Day of Pentecost (the coming of the Holy Spirit) and the growth of the church in Jerusalem.
The second key element is the roles of Peter and Paul, the first representing the Jewish Christian church, the second the mission to the Gentiles.While no proposed date for the composition of Acts is universally accepted, the most common scholarly position is to date Luke–Acts to 80–90 AD, on the assumptions that it uses Mark as a source and that it looks back on the destruction of Jerusalem.It presumably could not have been written later as it does not seem to show any awareness of the letters of Paul (which began circulating late in the first century).According to Church tradition dating from the 2nd century, he was the "Luke" named as a companion of the apostle Paul in three of the letters attributed to Paul himself; this view is still held by some, but others reject it, going so far as to say, "a critical consensus emphasizes the countless contradictions between the account in Acts and the authentic Pauline letters." (An example can be seen by comparing Acts's account of Paul leaving Damascus for Jerusalem after his conversion and being introduced to the apostles (Acts –27) with Paul's own statement that he went to Arabia, and when he went to Jerusalem three years later he only met Peter and James (Galatians –24).) According to Eugene Boring, the author "is an admirer of Paul, but does not share Paul's own view of himself as an apostle; his own theology is considerably different from Paul's on key points and does not represent Paul's own views accurately." According to Joel B.Green he was educated, a man of means, probably urban, and someone who respected manual work, although not a worker himself; this is significant, because more high-brow writers of the time looked down on the artisans and small business people who made up the early church of Paul and were presumably Luke's audience.
While Acts is widely thought of as a history, Like them, he anchors his history by dating the birth of the founder (Romulus for Dionysius, Moses for Josephus, Jesus for Luke) and like them he tells how the founder is born from God, taught authoritatively, and appeared to witnesses after death before ascending to heaven.